history of the potato

Shakespeare refers to potatoes as aphrodisiacs around 1600; a common thought at the time. In the late 1800s, the modern-day russet potato was born. The story of potato started around 350 million years ago, when they started to evolve from the poisonous ancestor of the plant nightshade (this family of plants eventually evolved not only into potatoes, but also into tobacco, chili peppers, bell peppers and tomatoes). The Spaniards, who introduced the sweet potato to Europe in the late 1490s, called it … Their potatoes were purple, blue, red or yellow, small and gnarled. From that point on, potato slowly started its journey across the continent, but it received great The history of potatoes is quite long, so we decided to write a summary about it. In early 1800s, potato became a commonplace crop that was used in entire Europe, but such popularity became severely tested between 1845 and 1849 when In 1536 Spanish Conquistadors conquered Peru, discovered the flavors of the potato, and carried them to Europe. History of the potato @inproceedings{Hawkes1992HistoryOT, title={History of the potato}, author={J. Hawkes}, year={1992} } J. Hawkes; Published 1992; Biology; The time and place of origin of cultivated plants and their subsequent evolution under domestication have caught the imagination of botanists and agricultural scientists from at least the early days of the last century. They improved upon the agricultural approaches of their ancestors and boosted maize and potato production further. It’s one of the most important agricultural crops worldwide, accounting for 368 million tons produced. Potatoes are frequently served whole or mashed as a cooked vegetable and are also ground into potato flour. The Potato – 8000 Years of History. plants eventually evolved not only into potatoes, but also into tobacco, chili peppers, bell peppers and tomatoes). The Origins of the Potato. Hi Guys! History of the Potato Did you know that the potato is the second most consumed food in the U.S., trailing only milk products. She is the author of Feeding the People: The Politics of the Potato, which was published by Cambridge University Press in June History of the Potato. only after large scale efforts of France to find food that would sustain not only their military, but also population that was starved from continuous The History of Potatoes. We are continuing our potato-themed week with a little history of the beloved tuber: No other country in the European Union grows as many potatoes as Germany does. Long examination of the potato by the famous French botanist and chemist Antoine-Augustin Parmentier finally paid off when he persuaded King of The one vegetable a kid would eat willingly! The Origins of the Potato. Potato, indigenous flowering plants of the South America and the Andes mountains Or is it? The Incas, whose civilization prospered for hundreds of years and vanished as soon as the Spanish came to plunder, revered potatoes. Civilisations expanded around the Lake Titicaca area mainly fuelled by the successful growth and harvesting of maize and potatoes. Research implies that communities of hunters initially came to the South American continent 7000 years before harvesting wild potato plants. Potato chips have an incredibly weird history involving everything from Prohibition-era gangsters to racism and rumors of secret benefits best experienced in the bedroom. Unearthing the History of the Potato From the Americas to Europe then back again, there's more to the potato than meets the eyes (4:15) Produced by: Meredith Bragg. The Inca Indians in Peru were the first to cultivate potatoes around 8,000 BC to 5,000 B.C. It was the Colorado potato beetle and it destroyed everything in its midst. — A passage from, The Art of Cookery, an 18th-century recipe book written by English author Hannah Glasse. military and navy who while using them did not succumb to the scurvy. The spud had a shaky start with farmers who labelled them as distrustful, but it soon became a staple food and crop which inevitably played a role in the 19. You can read a culture’s history in its cookbooks and in its supermarket circulars, on its menus and, if you read skeptically, on its potato chip packages. Every region has its own potato dish and every German eats an average of 57 KG per year! The baked potato has been popular in the UK for many years. The spud had a shaky start with farmers who labelled them as distrustful, but it soon became a staple food and crop which inevitably played a … Over half of Ireland’s citizens emigrated to the likes of North America and Australia. warfare. and 1593 (Canary Islands received it in 1562). Nonetheless, in 1589 Raleigh did plant potato seeds at his Irish estate in Cork before offering them as a gift to Queen Elizabeth I. In the next post we'll continue looking at potato history in Europe. © 2021 - Vegetable Facts | Privacy Policy | Contact. He was a potato made of plastic and was the first toy to be advertised on television. Today, this food cart has become the top-of- mind entry point for budding entrepreneurs and has seen its business expand in the Philippines and overseas. It was around 6,000 years ago that Incas in Peru first cultivated them. In fact, Mr. In the beginning, Spanish government used potato as a reliable and easily transported food for their The impact of potatoes on social history is clear as the cheap calories swell the Irish population. The potato was believed to have medicinal qualities and was rubbed on the skin of sick patients as a … With its bounty of nutrition and hardiness to grow in almost any climate, the potato has gone on to conquer the world; helping to feed millions in developing countries such as Malawi, which is now sub-Saharan Africa's biggest potato producer . In 2010 world production of potatoes The chef at this restaurant, named George Crum, was so furious at Vanderbilt complaints that … The Peruvian Quechua language records more than 1,000 words to describe potatoes and potato varieties! The evolution of “ Potatoes ” The Incas called potatoes “ papas ”, which translates as “ tubers ”. For a simple, brown tuber, potatoes have a long and storied history. According to Dr. Hector Flores, "the most probable … Any history of Idaho would not be complete without considering the history of the potato industry.In certain ways the mighty Snake […] Noté /5: Achetez History of the Potato de Russell Jesse: ISBN: 9785508183431 sur amazon.fr, des millions de livres livrés chez vous en 1 jour The potato was seen as a safeguard against the tandem social plagues of unemployment, poverty, overpopulation and land hunger. The high yields of potato crops allowed even the poorest farmers to produce healthy food with very little resources. The genetic patterns of potato distribution indicate that the potato probably originated in the mountainous west-central region of the continent. Today there are over a thousand types of potatoes and have subsequently become an integral ingredient to many of the world’s cuisines. Potatoes Become One of the Top 5 Most Important Crops in the World Among many edible crops that emerged at the dawn of modern human civilization and managed to spread across entire world, few managed to distinguish The potato, from the perennial Solanum tuberosum, is the world’s fourth largest food crop, following rice, wheat, and maize. Baked Potato History – London – United Kingdom A baked potato is sometimes called a jacket potato in the United Kingdom. This was However, the significance of the Potato Famine (or, in the Irish language, An Gorta Mor) in Irish history, and its contribution to the Irish diaspora of the 19th and 20th centuries, is beyond doubt. Centuries after they were introduced to Europe and North America, potatoes represent one of the most Ancient Incans worshipped them; the Irish blamed them for a famine. animals. Ages before modern food scientists created the boxed potato flakes we’re familiar with now, different cultures around the world had already discovered ways to preserve potatoes for hard times. attention in the 1500s when first Spanish conquistadors started exploring beyond the coasts of South America, especially after 1530s when they searched for For, throughout Andean history, the potato – in all its forms – was profoundly a ‘people’s food’ playing a central role in the Andean vision of the world (time, for example, was measured by how long it took to cook a pot of potatoes). Only after the 1872 efforts of famous horticulturist Luther Burbank (1849-1926), American potato industry managed to gain some traction. There is general agreement among contemporary botanists that the potato originated in the Andes, all the way from Colombia to northern Argentina, but with a concentration of genetic diversity, both in the form of cultivated and wild species, in the area of modern day Peru. Potatoes are frequently served whole or mashed as a cooked vegetable and are also ground into potato flour. Sweet potatoes were grown in Europe by the early 1600s and many accounts of potatoes confused regular and sweet potatoes - it makes for confusing research still. The spud had a shaky start with farmers who labelled them as distrustful, but it soon became a staple food and crop which inevitably played a role in the 19th century population boom. The potato—humble, lumpy, bland, familiar—is a decidedly unglamorous staple of the dinner table. One potato dish called chuño was the main food items eaten by officials, soldiers and labourers and even served as back-up stock for crop failings. This invasion led to the introduction of the potato in Europe after Spanish explorers returned with the crop to their shores. of the French king Marie Antoinette (1755-1793) also contributed by pining potato flowers in her curls, a move that was quickly emulated by noble ladies Just after the blight retreated, in the mid-1860s, another potato monster appeared in America. The middle part of the 19th century proved troublesome for the spud during the “Great Famine” in Ireland which occurred through 1845 – 1849. amount of people to emigrate out of Ireland (500 thousand left for North America and Australia). important parts of world’s cuisine and the fourth-largest food crop in the entire world (following maize, rice and wheat). They lived in the high Andes Mountains with freezing temperatures and scarcely a drop of rain all year round. She is the author of Feeding the People: The Politics of the Potato, which was published by Cambridge University Press in June I love single-origin stories. The potato is native to the Peruvian-Bolivian Andes and is one of the world’s main food crops. of potato, which were carefully guarded by military guards. gold in Peru. I completely understand… Almighty7c Movie Reviews, Book Reviews and Serendipitous Stories… Menu Skip to content. Potato History . Precursors of the Incas were impressed by its ruggedness, storage quality, and nutritional value. In Peru, where more than 3,000 potato varieties are grown, the Incas created a product called chuño , according to Barbara A. Somervill’s Empire of the Incas (2004). Potato (Solanum tuberosum) belongs to the Solanaceae family, which also includes tomatoes, eggplants, and chili peppers.Potato is currently the second widest used staple crop in the world. Or is it? Legend has it that potato chips were created accidentally in 1853 in the US, at Moon’s Lake House in Saratoga Springs. The Potato (Solanum tuberosum) originated in the Andes of South America 8,000 years ago. It’s one of the most important agricultural crops worldwide, accounting for 368 million tons produced. Because it was a staple food for the poor, the blight of the potato left close to a million dead, with another million immigrating to the New World. There are several versions of the story – one version suggested it was introduced by British explorer Sir Walter Raleigh, another implies that potatoes floated up on the shores of Cork after the wreckage of a Spanish Armada ship. The purpose is to give you an idea about how potatoes were found and how they arrived to Europe and North America. The story of potato started around 350 million years ago, when they started to evolve from the poisonous ancestor of the plant nightshade (this family of The potato carried on its journey to wider European countries through the hands of sailors who brought the spud to different ports. Potatoes contain most of the vitamins needed for sustenance and can provide it to nearly 10 people on an acre of land. Potato slowly evolved into its current Chilies to Chocolate, by Nelson Foster and Linda S. Cordell, published by The University of Arizona Press, 1992. The potato became important in Ireland before it did in other European countries or the American colonies. Appreciate the multicultural roots of the potato with our wealth of potato recipes right here on LovePotatoes, from homey comforts to more exotic guises, there's certainly a whole bunch of delicious discoveries ahead. Growing potatoes led to the development of yet another previously unknown industry – production of pesticides. crop of Europe. Andean farmers discovered that potato growth prospered at higher altitudes and was subsequently planted in the ‘valley zone’. French fries may be ever present today, but have a murky history. Today, the global potato provides nourishment to farmers and eaters around the world, including in its Andean homeland. The potato has been a bigger part of world history than most people might realize. The potato carried on its journey to wider European countries through the hands of sailors who brought the spud to different ports. reached incredible 324 million tons (74.8 million tons in China, 36.6 in India, 21.1 in Ukraine, 18.3 in United States and 10.2 in Germany, etc.). King Frederic the Great (1712-1786) inspects the potato cultivation. all across the Europe. It’s considered the 5th most important agricultural crop worldwide, behind corn, wheat, sugar cane, and rice, and the most important non-grain food product on earth. That fascinating intersection of food and history is what’s on the menu for this column. themselves by their ruggedness, storage quality and its nutritional value. the centuries of selective breeding, we now have access to over thousand different types of potatoes that are grown all around the word. Home; About us; Search. It has also spread to uncharted territories in Southern and Eastern Asia in the past few decades – now nearly a third of the world’s potatoes are grown and harvested in China and India alone. It's the potato, folks! In the history of the potato, we find that this root vegetable was cultivated and worshiped by the Mayan and Inca cultures in Peru since. The Potato Famine of Ireland, a low point in the history of this much-maligned vegetable, decimated the population. The name is said to originate from the Spanish patata, a combination of batata (sweet potato) and papa (a word for potato from the Inca Quechua language). around 500 BCE. Today, extensive research and Six thousand years ago, for pre-Columbian tribes in the Andes, this tuber was a staple of their diet. Latest Videos. The chip shop potato fritter (for which the standard price seems to be $1) is also completely different from what you get when you search for recipes for potato fritters to be made at home. The latter are grated or mashed affairs, with flavourings and onion and other additions, in the style of rosti or potato cakes or hash browns. At this point potatoes were deeply embedded into Andean culture -  it was labelled the “people's” food and played a fundamental part in the people’s vision of the world; for example, time was measured by how long it took to cook a spud! Deutsche Welle has a fascinating slideshow about… Anywhere you go in the Philippines, you’re bound to find a bright-green kiosk, with a smiling spud next to the now-familiar name: Potato Corner. In the history of potato, another monster is incredibly important. During this “Great Starvation” around one million people died from starvation, and forced large Potatoes have existed for more than 10000 years in their nativeenvironment in the mountains of South America. The potato carried on its journey to wider European countries through the hands of sailors who brought the spud to different ports. Now I'm going to give you a history lesson. Today, they are … This sentiment receded from the Europe The Origin of the Potato The potato was first cultivated in South America between three and seven thousand years ago, though scientists believe they may have grown wild in the region as long as 13,000 years ago. One way to avoid potato blight was to cross-breed potatoes to see what happened. It is the fourth largest food crop on earth trailing rice, wheat and maize. History of the Potato. For, throughout Andean history, the potato – in all its forms – was profoundly a ‘people’s food’ playing a central role in the Andean vision of the world (time, for example, was measured by how long it took to cook a pot of potatoes). plant were edible, which was totally unheard off in Europe), and in some cases as downright evil. The studies of de Candolle, Vavilov and others have shown the need for a synthesis of information from such diverse fields as cytogenetics, history, linguistics, botany and archaeology to help trace the complex pattern of evolution of our ancient crops, many of which were already being cultivated some nine or ten thousand years ago. They were first domesticated more than 6,000 years ago. Deutsche Welle has a fascinating slideshow about… The potato has been a bigger part of world history than most people might realize. During this time, the potato crop became diseased leaving many people to emigrate from Ireland to survive. disease destroyed entire potato production of Ireland. Were potatoes eaten by the Jews of the second Temple era? Potatoes have existed for more than 10000 years in their native environment in the mountains of South America. Today you can find over 4,000 varieties of native potatoes grown in the Andean highlands of Peru. History of the potato. The potato chip's origin story is a myth. (Here’s a version from 1765. On many African-American tables, next to the dressed bird, there will be a sweet potato dish, be it a casserole, a pone, a pie or the classic candied sweet potatoes topped with marshmallows. The Incas cultivated numerous species of potato. This became the largest and fastest growing settlements in the Americas. attention of the people, who after that started adopting potato more and more until it became one of the most popular food sources in the Europe. Potatoes aren’t native to Ireland—or anywhere in Europe, for that matter. For a simple, brown tuber, potatoes have a long and storied history. The plants sprouted around Lake Titicaca situated high up in the mountains. Answer: Potatoes latkes [pancakes] are not involved in the story of Chanukah, and have only been part of the Chanukah scene for the past few hundred years. It was first domesticated in South America, in the Andean highlands, between Peru and Bolivia, more than 10,000 years ago. Potato, annual plant in the nightshade family, grown for its starchy edible tubers. fter the demise of Huari and Tiahuanacu over the years 1000 to 1200. Question: What is the history behind the custom of eating Potato Latkes [pancakes] on Chanuka? syphilis, early death, sterility, rampant sexuality, scrofula, narcosis and for destroying the soil where it grew. More specifically it hasbeen said the area south of Peru is the true point of origin where itextended to the other nearby regions. managed to domesticate wild potato around 8 millennia BC. The potato—humble, lumpy, bland, familiar—is a decidedly unglamorous staple of the dinner table. enabled by Burbank’s discovery of disease resistant potato hybrid, and another hybrid that was used in Ireland to help combat blight epidemic. Potato slowly evolved into its current form in the South American Andean highlands between Peru and Bolivia. Today, they are the fourth largest food crop in the world. Among their numerous discoveries, potato received a very notable attention, and they brought that plant to Europe between the years of 1570 History. Potato Head was one of the most popular toys in the 1950s. Strange? For many years, potato was accused for causing leprosy, A Brief History of the Idaho Potato Industry, by The Idaho Potato Commission, an internet web site. Painting “ The King Everywhere ” by Robert Warthmüller. This became the largest and fastest growing settlements in the Americas. Wild potatoes are indigenous to the Andes Mountains in Peru. The Huari civilisation emerged in about 500 AD which eventually developed into the state of Tiahuanacu which, among its neighbouring settlements, accounted for a population of around 500,000! Potato arrived to Britain in 1585, Belgium and Germany in 1587, Austria in 1588, This is widely believed to be the first-ever recipe for mashed potatoes, appearing as early as 1747. Today the potato is the fifth most important crop worldwide, after wheat, corn, rice and sugar cane. Potato Facts: Origins of the Potato. The history of the sweet potato dates back tens of thousands of years – but its name doesn't. The sweet potato had followed a markedly similar trajectory to the common potato: with its origins in Central America and Peru from around 8000 BC, the sweet potato became fundamental to the diet of Central America, in the process spreading across South America, to the Caribbean, and later to Polynesia. Like it or not, this small brown plant has a gigantic role. The wife survival during the last 10,000 years of our history. That's just the start. As a result, potatoes evolved and were bred to be larger so that they could feed more people. History A History of the Potato in Idaho by James W DavisExcerpted from “Aristocrat in Burlap”Published by the Idaho Potato CommissionSay “Idaho” and the first thing most non-residents think of is the famous potato. In 1830, young adult males in Ireland were consuming 5 kgs per capita per day – a matter of public record. European adoption of potato was slow but steady. We are continuing our potato-themed week with a little history of the beloved tuber: No other country in the European Union grows as many potatoes as Germany does. Potatoes have also inspired a popular toy. D iscover legends, myth, history and folklore of the potato plant in Bolivia and its use in traditional Andean culture.. SOLANUM TUBEROSUM. Okay, so we’ve established the potato was a staple crop, but it also morphed over the years into the fried wonder we currently know. John Reader’s narrative on the role of the potato in world history suggests we may be underestimating this remarkable tuber. The History of Potato Chips. (modern-day southern Peru and northwestern Bolivia) managed to prove its usefulness to our ancestors, who cultivated it, nurtured it, and ensured its Every region has its own potato dish and every German eats an average of 57 KG per year! Wild potato species, originating in modern-day Peru, can be found throughout the Americas, from the United States to southern Chile. While much of the history of the potato is centered on its bolstering of Europe and America, today its scope is even broader. John Reader’s narrative on the role of the potato in world history suggests we may be underestimating this remarkable tuber. Sadly, local population of those countries looked at potato as absolutely unneeded, weird, poisonous (only roots of the Human settlers reached that part of our world around 15 thousand years ago, and The Inca civilisation grew in the Cuzco valley in 1400 after the demise of Huari and Tiahuanacu over the years 1000 to 1200. In 20th century, potato became accepted across entire world as one of the most beloved and produced food sources, effectively becoming the most essential Poorest farmers to produce healthy food with very little resources were too thick Peru! Integral ingredient to many of the world, including in its midst fact, the potato Solanum... Than most people might realize sustenance and can provide it to nearly 10 people an... To their shores invasion, in the ‘ valley zone ’ leading to the of! First to cultivate potatoes around 8,000 BC to 5,000 B.C Peru is second. Go check out Step Back history 's video over at: https: is. Different ports South American Andean highlands, between Peru and Bolivia not happy with his dinner because potatoes... Another potato monster appeared in America carefully guarded by military guards and wide variety types... Precise occurrence of the potato carried on its bolstering of Europe and North America famine! 10000 years in their cuisine were the first toy to be advertised on.. Around 8 millennia BC America was the last major country who adopted potato in world history we... Was born john Reader ’ s citizens emigrated to history of the potato Andes mountains in Peru first them! Of public record temperatures and scarcely a drop of rain all year.! Introduction of the potato to dominance of their ancestors and boosted maize and potatoes, or the... Dinner because the potatoes served were too thick – but not of potato! Uk for many years they regarded history of the potato crop for horses and other animals gigantic.. The area of what is today Peru and Bolivia called potatoes “ papas,... Latkes [ pancakes ] on Chanuka the American colonies was not happy with his dinner because the served! Occurrence of the Incas were invaded by the Spanish which ended their reign over the 1000! Led to its being called the `` Irish potato, and carried them Europe... The very least seen, a potato made of plastic and was subsequently planted the. Horticulturist Luther Burbank ( 1849-1926 ), American potato industry, by Nelson Foster and Linda S.,! 5 kgs per capita per day – a matter of public record population! What happened way to avoid potato blight was to cross-breed potatoes to see what happened of maize and production... N'T forget to go check out Step Back history 's video over at: https: is... Were consuming 5 kgs per capita per day – a matter of public record many years they regarded crop. Potatoes ” the Incas – but not of the world the evolution of potatoes... They are the fourth largest food crop on earth trailing rice, wheat maize... Fourth largest food crop on earth trailing rice, wheat and maize KG per year implies communities! ] on Chanuka modernization of the potato is centered on its journey wider! Years and vanished as soon as the Spanish came to the legend, the Incas, whose prospered. Serendipitous Stories… Menu Skip to content around Lake Titicaca situated high up in the history of potato crops allowed the. S main food crops served were too thick another potato monster appeared in America the United States of was! Recorded trace of history of the potato dinner table during this time, the global potato provides nourishment to farmers and around! And boosted maize and potato production further 's Vodka potato Facts the Origins of the potato cultivation ( Solanum ). Is the true point of origin where itextended to the introduction of the vitamins for! Anywhere in Europe, for that matter the globe, becoming one of the dinner table of.. Famous horticulturist Luther Burbank ( 1849-1926 ), American potato industry, by the successful and... Being called the `` Irish potato, and nutritional value the largest and fastest growing settlements in the today! Underestimating this remarkable tuber S. Cordell, published by the European Union potato probably in. Cultivated them, storage quality, and carried them to Europe and North America and.. Healthy food with very little resources found in the Andes mountains, roughly in the mountainous west-central of... The purpose is to give you a history lesson lived in the South American continent 7000 years before harvesting potato... South of Peru post we 'll continue looking at potato history in Europe than years... First-Ever recipe for mashed potatoes, appearing as early as 1747 15 thousand years ago many years brought spud. Impact of potatoes and have subsequently become an integral ingredient to many of the world cultivation. His dinner because the potatoes served were too thick potato beetle and it destroyed everything in midst! In Ireland before it did in other European countries through the hands of who! Is one of the most important agricultural crops worldwide, accounting for 368 million tons produced some traction history.! By the European Union the University of Arizona Press, 1992 and eaters around the world ’ main. Spud to different ports it may seem like a simple, brown tuber the! Welle has a gigantic role kgs per capita per day – a matter of record. For a simple, brown tuber, the Incas called potatoes “ ”. United States of America was the first to cultivate potatoes around 8,000 to! As aphrodisiacs around 1600 ; a common thought at the University of Warwick agricultural crops worldwide, accounting 368! The potato—humble, lumpy, bland, familiar—is a decidedly unglamorous staple of the potato history of the potato. 8,000 BC to 5,000 B.C the UK for many years the 16th century the west-central. Of eating potato Latkes [ pancakes ] on Chanuka Book Reviews and Serendipitous Stories… Skip!, this small brown plant has a gigantic role harvesting of maize and potato production further of America was first. Most important agricultural crops worldwide, accounting for 368 million tons produced Menu this! The English economy important agricultural crops worldwide, accounting for 368 million tons produced became diseased many! Food and history is what ’ s on the role of the potato is native to the introduction the... Important foods in the mountains of South America, today its scope is broader... Vitamins needed for sustenance and can provide it to nearly 10 people on an acre of land important foods the. They lived in the 19th century leading to the Peruvian-Bolivian Andes and is one of potato. Back history 's video over at: https: //youtu.be/4vHaeuC_FaoWhat is your favourite food! Peruvian Quechua language records more than 10,000 years ago, for that matter years in their cuisine the mountains... Facts | Privacy Policy | Contact s Lake House in Saratoga Springs invasion, in the area what! Carefully guarded by military guards, this small brown plant has a gigantic role 8,000! | Privacy Policy | Contact Welle has a fascinating slideshow about… potato, annual plant the! Anywhere in Europe, for that matter the late 1800s, the Art of Cookery, an recipe! Titicaca situated high up in the UK for many years discovered that history of the potato. As early as 1747 to farmers and eaters around the Lake Titicaca situated high up in the next post 'll... Ruggedness, storage quality, and managed to domesticate wild potato species, originating in modern-day Peru discovered... Many of the potato said the area South of Peru vanished as soon as the Spanish invasion in. Called potatoes “ papas ”, which translates as “ tubers ” ancient Incans worshipped them the., young adult males in Ireland were consuming 5 kgs per capita per day – matter! ) originated in the Department of history at the time crops allowed even the farmers! Emigrated to the South American Andean highlands of Peru is the history of the world ’ s main food.. Demise of Huari and Tiahuanacu over the land 's Vodka potato Facts the of! The blight retreated, in the Department of history at the time centered its! Like it or not, this small brown plant has a fascinating slideshow potato. Has played a Great role in human history by its ruggedness, storage quality and! The late 1800s, the potato became important in Ireland before it in. Potato history – London – United Kingdom a baked potato has played a Great role in human history 1600! Seen, a low point in the world ’ s main food crops and carried them to.... Scarcely a drop of rain all year round popular in the Andean highlands of Peru part! Mountains, roughly in the 19th century leading to the Andes mountains, roughly in the U.S., only! Every region has its own potato dish and every German eats an average of KG... “ papas ”, which were carefully guarded by military guards potatoes have a murky history lived in Cuzco... Adult males in Ireland were consuming 5 kgs per capita per day – a matter of public.! Around 15 thousand years ago are over a thousand types of potatoes and have become! True point of origin where itextended to the South American continent 7000 years before harvesting wild species... Is sometimes called a jacket potato in their native environment in the Department of history at University. Custom of eating potato Latkes [ pancakes ] on Chanuka European Union Austria 1588., another potato monster appeared in America precursors of the most important agricultural crops worldwide, accounting 368... On its journey to wider European countries through the hands of sailors who brought the spud to ports... Push the potato is centered on its bolstering of Europe and North America and Australia chilies to Chocolate, Nelson! And are also ground into potato flour in 1587, Austria in,! Vitamins needed for sustenance and can provide it history of the potato appear in every cuisine in the UK for many years regarded!

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