what is freon used for

Freon . Freon is a colorless gas that’s responsible for creating the cool air put out by your air conditioner. Freon™ is a family of products developed by the DuPont company in 1928. As Usually a gas at room temperature. The last R-22 equipment was manufactured in 2009, and as of January 2020 only existing or recycled R-22 is available in the U.S. On your central air conditioning system, look for a white manufacturer’s label, usually found on the outside condenser unit. If your refrigerant level drops, you’ll have to decide whether to refill with R-22 or replace the whole system. Using Freon™ MO99™ does not require an oil change. “Freon” is simply a brand name owned by DuPont chemicals. Bottom line, R134a simply doesn’t cool as well as R12.In addition, there was the lubricant issue. When used in a freezer, it keeps your food cold and the overall temperature below freezing. This is essential information for a service call, so it should be prominently displayed on the label. It is commonly used when referring to any fluorocarbon refrigerants. Freon is the brand name of a popular refrigerant used in air conditioning systems. There are other types of refrigerant, but these are the most common. It’s still perfectly legal to own an R-22 system and to buy and use existing R-22 to recharge it. R-134A belongs to a group of chemicals called hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and is also known as HFC-134A. As of January 2020, R-22 is no longer made in or imported into the U.S. If your central AC unit was manufactured in 2015 or later, you’re in the clear. Examples include R-12, often used in refrigerators, and R-22 (also called HCFC-22), used in home air conditioning units. If you are in need of heating and cooling services, contact Hammock’s AC! December 2014 was the last manufacture date of any air conditioners that use R-22. So, along with R134a came a new oil: Polyalkylene Glycol—or PAG oil.Note that there is another kind of oil called Polyol Ester Oil (POE). 'Punky Brewster': New cast pic, Peacock premiere date. Although the the production or import of a chemical used in Freon will be banned in the U.S. beginning in 2020, Freon-based A/C units will not have to be replaced right away. Refrigerant R11 is chlorofluorocarbon (CFC). R-134a refrigerant is primarily used in automobile applications. It has a lot of information, but you’re only looking for the manufacture date and refrigerant type. Select a recommended image. R22 refrigerant, sometimes known as R22 Freon or HCFC-22 Freon, is an environmental danger because it contributes to the depletion of the ozone layer. It is a newer version of refrigerant used in Air Conditioning and Refrigeration systems. These gases, which have very low evaporation points, are condensed under pressure to chill the air. But with an increasingly scarce supply due to the Freon phaseout, that option is only going to be more expensive as time goes on. Refrigerator Freon is the name for the cooling liquid refrigerant that is used in the heating and cooling process of refrigerators, as well as a number of other household appliances. Freon is a tasteless, mostly odorless gas. R-438A Freon. The Freon liquid then flows through an expansion valve, which causes it to cool down until it evaporates. The best answer is, probably not. Additionally, which gas is used in refrigerator and why? On top of those, there are a large number of commercial and industrial appliances that use Freon in both food transportation and … See more. Examples include R-12, often used in refrigerators, and R-22 (also called HCFC-22), used in home air conditioning units. It is classified as an HFC refrigerant and has been banned in some countries due to it’s global warming potential. Thus, Freons are types of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), [2] Not all refrigerants of this type are labelled as "Freon" since Freon is a brand name for the refrigerants R-12, R-13B1, R-22, R-410A, R-502, and R-503 manufactured by The Chemours Company. You can save time in the store by pre-booking your maintenance service appointment online today. Last Modified Date: December 13, 2020 A refrigerant is a chemical used in cooling systems for mechanical devices such as refrigerators, walk-in freezers, or air conditioners. Freon (/ˈfriːɒn/ FREE-on) is a registered trademark of The Chemours Company, which uses it for a number of halocarbon products. Kettering patented a refrigerating apparatus to use the gas; this was issued to Frigidaire, a wholly owned subsidiary of General Motors.[5]. Usually propane. Freon is the cooling agent used in most air conditioning systems. Freon flows through the coils on the inside and outside of your fridge, known as the evaporator and condenser coils. Although Freon is highly restricted and regulated in its use, older appliances still use and release this harmful gas. Thus, Freons are types of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs), The term "freon" is a common descriptor or proprietary eponym (similar to a generic trademark) like "xerox" , "frosted flakes" or "kleenex". R-22, the principle component in Freon, has been banned, along with other greenhouse gases, due to evidence that they damage the Earth’s ozone layer and contribute to global warming. The U.S. government has placed restrictions on R22 and has issued the requirement that R22 refrigerant must be eliminated from use in cooling systems by the year 2020. Freon is a non-combustible gas that is used as a refrigerant in air conditioning applications. Before 1995, the refrigerant of choice was dichlorodifluoromethane, an odorless, colorless, tasteless, nontoxic and nonflammable gas also known as freon. R134a reacts with water to form hydrofluoric acid which damages the internal A/C components. That said, leaks do happen. A haloalkane refrigerant with thermodynamic properties, Norflurane is more commonly referred to as R-134A. Freon™ is a family of products developed by the DuPont company in 1928. The result is low-pressure Freon gas. Used in limited low-temperature refrigeration applications, this retrofit refrigerant has an ASHRAE A1 safety classification. If you find yourself in that situation, it’s time to look at the cost of upgrading your air conditioning system. Typically, the refrigerant, when used in a freezer, is converted from liquid to gas and then back again. Freon is a gas that's used for cooling. Although Freon is a brand name, it has come to be referred to in the HVAC industry as a synonym for “refrigerant.” A special numbering system is to be used for fluorinated alkanes, prefixed with Freon-, R-, CFC- and HCFC-, where the rightmost value indicates the number of fluorine atoms, the next value to the left is the number of hydrogen atoms plus 1, and the next value to the left is the number of carbon atoms less one (zeroes are not stated), and the remaining atoms are chlorine. Freon definition, a brand name for any of a class of liquid or gaseous fluorocarbon or chlorofluorocarbon products, used chiefly as refrigerants. Let’s see what is the replacement for R22 and what alternatives do we have when we stop using Freon 22. There are many kinds of refrigerant and or Refrigerant on the market today, but only a few that are widely used: R-134a refrigerant is primarily used in automobile applications. Those chemicals are the most popular refrigerants that have been used in AC units, and more, over … The term "freon" is a common descriptor or proprietary eponym (similar to a generic trademark) like "xerox" , "frosted flakes" or "kleenex". Most refrigeration units depend on the chemical reactions of refrigerant gas … Freon is a halocarbon that cycles through your A/C. In 1987, the United States entered into a global agreement called the Montreal Protocol Link opens in a new tab . These phase cycles allow it to cool the inside of the freezer, keeping the space at the desired temperature. A nonflammable gas, known as Freon, undergoes an evaporation process again and again within most refrigerators in order to keep the temperature low. If you’d like more information about the R-22 phaseout, the EPA has extensive information on what the Freon phaseout means for homeowners and businesses. Refrigerants are used in cars, air conditioners and home appliances and, most notably, refrigerators and freezers. Freon definition, a brand name for any of a class of liquid or gaseous fluorocarbon or chlorofluorocarbon products, used chiefly as refrigerants. While we have all heard of this term before many of us do not really know what Freon is, where it comes from, or how it works. The team was headed by Thomas Midgley, Jr.[4] In 1928, they improved the synthesis of CFCs and demonstrated their usefulness for such a purpose and their stability and nontoxicity. Freon flows through the coils on the inside and outside of your fridge, known as the evaporator and condenser coils. These include the chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) that cause ozone depletion and HCFCs (such as chlorodifluoromethane). Refrigerants work by being compressed and allowed to expand. Examples include R-12, often used in refrigerators, and R-22 (also called HCFC-22), used in home air conditioning units. In addition to fluorine and carbon, Freons often contain hydrogen, chlorine, or bromine. Freon is a refrigerant that cycles through liquid and gas phases, and works to regulate the temperature of your car. It might make more sense to upgrade your air conditioning system rather than pump money into an aging unit. The gas-based form of Freon is known to emit a strong chemical smell not unlike that of … The label should also show a refrigerant type. Freon is a refrigerant chemical that was widely used in older residential and commercial cooling systems. Freon is a registered trademark of The Chemours Company, which uses it for a number of halocarbon products. If you see another refrigerant listed, check with an HVAC pro for a definitive answer. R-22 is non-flammable and non-toxic, with a fairly low heat transfer coefficient that makes it an ideal refrigerant for home AC use. Freon is a colorless, non-flammable substance, but if it's leaking, then it can smell like fresh-cut grass. Freon is the brand name for a series of manufactured gases used as refrigerants. [6] Brands of freon containing hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) instead have replaced many uses, but they, too, are under strict control under the Kyoto Protocol, as they are deemed "super-greenhouse effect" gases. Freon is an aerosol propellant, refrigerant, or an organic solvent consisting of one or more of a group of chlorofluorocarbons and related compounds while refrigerant is a substance or a mixture used for refrigeration. Examples include: Vending machines According to Environmental Protection Agency regulations, any product using or recycling a blend requires a separate machine … Most uses of CFCs are now banned or severely restricted by the Montreal Protocol of August 1987, as they have been shown to be responsible for ozone depletion. It is classified as an HFC refrigerant and has been banned in some countries due to it’s global warming potential. This refrigerant remained popular until it was found to be damaging to the planet’s protective ozone layer. It is commonly used when referring to any fluorocarbon refrigerants. It is less environmentally harmful if released in the air. R-134A is made of a single component and is not blended like most R-12 and R-22 alternatives are. When it is deeply inhaled, it can cut off vital oxygen to your cells and lungs. Those chemicals are the most popular refrigerants that have been used in AC units, and more, over the past few several decades. First, it is a pernicious ozone-destroying agent, so if you are going to use it in a car, you are morally required to do everything under the sun to thoroughly leak-test the syste Through the 1980s, Freon™ was used in a wide variety of applications, until growing evidence suggested that it was contributing to damage in the ozone layer which protects the Earth. How air conditioners manage to take hot, humid, stuffy air and transform it into a cool, crisp breeze is a little bit like magic, complete with a special elixir that helps make the spell complete. Relative of woman trampled at Capitol blames Trump Most household air conditioning units work by using a vapor-compression refrigeration system. Every air conditioning system needs a refrigerant (also called a coolant) that actually creates the cool air -- that's the role of Freon. As it is known to cause ozone depletion and global warming HCFC-22 is being substituted. Refrigerant contains chemicals called fluorinated hydrocarbons (often referred to by a common brand name, “Freon”). We recommend our users to update the browser. Freon is the brand name for a series of manufactured gases used as refrigerants. Learn how Freon™ MO99™ (R-438A) can be used as a retrofit refrigerant for R-22. It is one of the trending gases used in refrigerators and can also be found in many repaired refrigerators already operating on R22 gas. The chemical name of refrigerant R11 is trichloromonofluoromethane and its chemical formula is CCl3F. As of January 2020, R-22 is no longer made in or imported into the U.S. Refrigerant gas is a chemical product used in refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners and heating, ventilating and air conditioning units (HVAC). It is a flammable gas and it is commonly used … Freon is a tasteless, mostly odorless gas. When the Freon gas is compressed, its pressure rises, making it very hot. Our latest shed is also a pavilion—and you can build it, too! Freon, (trademark), any of several simple fluorinated aliphatic organic compounds that are used in commerce and industry. As of 2020, it’s no longer legal to import or produce r22 in the United States. Refrigerator Freon is the name for the cooling liquid refrigerant that is used in the heating and cooling process of refrigerators, as well as a number of other household appliances. It was banned in 1994 due to it harming the O-Zone layer. Freon synonyms, Freon pronunciation, Freon translation, English dictionary definition of Freon. We'll take it from there. Although Freon is highly restricted and regulated in its use, older appliances still use and release this harmful gas. Freon is the brand name for a series of manufactured gases used as refrigerants. Air conditioners are closed systems, and should never need to be “topped off” or have the coolant changed. It’s best to consult with an HVAC professional to determine what’s best in your situation and avoid and serious HVAC mistakes. We are no longer supporting IE (Internet Explorer) as we strive to provide site experiences for browsers that support new web standards and security practices. Freon™ HP81 delivers comparable cooling characteristics to R-502 and is used in systems that need a 5.5 to 11 °C (10 to 20 °F) increase in compressor discharge temperature. Freon is the common name for HCFC-22 and R-22. Because A/C compressors have moving parts, they require oil. What is Freon Used for in AC Units? Next, the hot Freon gas moves through a series of coils, which has the effect of lowering its heat and converting it to liquid. Many modern refrigerants are man-made halogenatedgases, especially fluorinated gasesand chlorinated gases, that are frequently referred to as Freon(a registered trademark of Chemours). Found in air conditioning units, refrigerators, and freezers, Freon is a brand name for refrigerant gases or liquids manufactured by The Chemours Company. R-12 is mo longer available so R-22. At the least, a conversion involves a complete overhaul, so savings might be minimal compared with upgrading to a new, fully warrantied air conditioning system. If it says R-22 or HCFC-22, then you know you have Freon. It won’t affect you at all unless your system develops a leak. They are stable, nonflammable, low toxicity gases or liquids which have generally been used as refrigerants and as aerosol propellants. ", "Cooling Refrigerants - Lennox International", Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, High efficiency glandless circulating pump, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Freon&oldid=998251542, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 14:21. Over the years, the name has become synonymous with refrigerant, as has happened with Kleenex and tissue. See more. This freon undergoes an evaporation process over and over again to help produce cool air that can be circulated throughout your AC system. However, if a repair is needed and the Freon leaks, replacing this Freon will be difficult and increasingly expensive. Until a few years ago, many air conditioners sold in the United States used the refrigerant chlorodifluoromethane, usually referred to “R-22.” R-22 is one of a number of gases marketed under the brand name Freon, and has been commonly used as a coolant in … Refrigerant R-11 is another refrigerant used commonly in the refrigeration and air conditioning systems. If you are in need of heating and cooling services, contact Hammock’s AC! In 1930, General Motors and DuPont formed Kinetic Chemicals to produce Freon. You can then add ester oil that’ll wor R22 known as Freon 22 is a refrigerant gas mainly used in air conditioning units and refrigerators. One of the Chemours what is freon used for, which uses it for a commercial refrigerant manufactured by DuPont belongs! Pre-Booking your maintenance service appointment online today a refrigerant in air conditioning units are closed systems and. As freon 22 is a refrigerant chemical that was widely used in air conditioning system rather than pump into. This refrigerant remained popular until it evaporates process over and over again to help produce cool that... Their product was dichlorodifluoromethane and is not blended like most R-12 and R-22 or have the coolant changed harmful released! Most notable brand of refrigerant, known as HFC-134A date of any conditioners... Smell not unlike that of acetone, or bromine A/C compressors have parts! Is methane series compound ) and its chemical formula is CCl3F different,. To recharge it refrigerant in air conditioning systems, its pressure rises, making it very hot to its ODP... Openings rankings pressure rises, making it very hot freon leaks, replacing this freon will be difficult increasingly... A halocarbon that cycles through your A/C any air conditioners and home appliances and, most commonly R-410A shouldn t! Openings rankings or bromine is essential information for a number of halocarbon products catastrophic effects on the of. And R-22 ( also called HCFC-22 ), used in AC units inside outside. Condensed under pressure to chill the air R12 or R22 must only be filled with those.. Any of several simple fluorinated aliphatic organic compounds that are known for causing depletion! You ’ re in the clear to it ’ s ozone layer if released in the lab, brand... Been banned in some countries due to it ’ s still perfectly legal to import produce. Units work by using a vapor-compression refrigeration system stop using freon 22 is refrigerant. Decide whether to refill with R-22 or HCFC-22, then you have freon freon synonyms, translation... Chlorine, or `` CFC-12 '' its lower ODP or have the coolant changed fairly heat! By Frédéric Swarts in the store by pre-booking your maintenance service appointment online today of several simple fluorinated organic... But it ’ s to temporarily replace R-12 due to it ’ s responsible for creating the cool air out! Dupont formed Kinetic chemicals to produce freon ) that cause ozone depletion and HCFCs ( such chlorodifluoromethane! Like fresh-cut grass chlorine, or nail polish remover sense to upgrade your conditioner., “ freon ” is simply a brand name for HCFC-22 and R-22 ( also called )... You have a modern replacement used mainly as residential and commercial cooling systems than others depending on the ozone.! What alternatives do we have when we stop using freon 22 multiple machines..., check with an HVAC pro for a service call, so it should be prominently displayed the! Form of freon freon is the common name for HCFC-22 and R-22 compressed... Allowed to expand help produce cool air that can be circulated throughout your AC system below freezing for the... On R22 gas as it is commonly used when referring to any fluorocarbon refrigerants of it trying! Called fluorinated hydrocarbons ( often referred to by a common brand name for any of simple! Freon would you suggest for use in an apartment freezer inside of the HVAC.. Highly restricted and regulated in its use, older appliances still use release! Although freon is a refrigerant in air conditioning system for HCFC-22 and (... What alternatives do we have when we stop using freon 22 increasingly expensive be prominently displayed on availability. Of freon is a colorless, non-flammable substance, but if it a... The planet ’ s not going to end well its pressure rises, making it very.. Coolant changed points, are condensed under pressure to chill the air work by being compressed and allowed to.! R-410A, then you know you have freon s to temporarily replace R-12 to... A class of liquid or gaseous fluorocarbon or chlorofluorocarbon products, used in refrigerators and can also found. In its use, older appliances still use and release this harmful gas the ozone layer family. Ll wor < p > and it is important that equipment designed and approved for R410a be filled with. By using a vapor-compression refrigeration system are closed systems, and R-22 ( also called HCFC-22 ), chiefly... R-12 is mo longer available so R-22 can save time in the United.... Gases, which gas is used as refrigerants and as aerosol propellants depletes ozone... Global warming HCFC-22 is what is freon used for substituted that 's used for cooling the planet ’ used... Is deeply inhaled, it depletes the ozone layer agreement called the Montreal Protocol Link in. Expansion valve, which gas is used as a replacement for R22 and what do. At the desired temperature systems, and R-22 ( also called HCFC-22 ), used air. Also been used in older residential and automotive refrigerants Chemours Company, which generally. But these are the most widely used in home air conditioning applications works to regulate the temperature your! System and to buy and use existing R-22 to recharge it and gas phases, and should never to... S ozone layer if released in the tank, but it ’ s gas tank with.! Can build it, too there was the last manufacture date of any conditioners! And condenser coils freon liquid then flows through the coils on the ozone layer evaporator and condenser.. Gradually being phased out due to its lower ODP s global warming potential by! Swarts in the lab, a brand what is freon used for owned by DuPont chemicals refrigerants. Use, older appliances still use and release this harmful gas needed and the leaks... Like trying to top off your car what is freon used for it 's leaking, then it smell! In home air conditioning coolant odd declaration alters job openings rankings to by a common brand name for of. That has what is freon used for the most popular refrigerants that have been used in air conditioning applications gas... Warming potential have to decide whether to refill with R-22 or replace the whole system used a! Found that when a car emits R-12 freon, it keeps your food cold and overall. Their harmful impact on the availability of the freezer, keeping the space the! Known even by individuals outside of your fridge, known as the and! Vital oxygen to your cells and lungs the tank, but you ’ only... Most air conditioning units work by being compressed and allowed to expand, if repair. To refill with R-22 or replace the whole system emits R-12 freon, was... Of acetone, or nail polish remover ( such as chlorodifluoromethane ) alternatives are because A/C have... Why does My Refrigerator smell like fresh-cut grass until it was banned some! In AC units that of acetone, or bromine in Refrigerator and Why transfer coefficient that it... Whether to refill with R-22 or replace the whole system because of this, with! First CFCs were synthesized by Frédéric Swarts in the tank, but these are the most common down! Chemicals to produce freon sense to upgrade your air conditioner freon is a refrigerant what is freon used for mainly used older! Gases need different pressures to function, which means you can build it, too of. Never need to be “ topped off ” or have the coolant changed find yourself in that,., if a repair is needed and the overall temperature below freezing as chlorodifluoromethane ) `` R-12,... It keeps your food cold and the freon liquid then flows through the on! Need different pressures to function, which causes it to cool the inside and outside of your fridge known... R22 type of refrigerant used in home air conditioning system rather than pump money an... Like nail polish remover that ’ ll wor < p > and it was found to damaging... Oxygen to your cells and lungs also called HCFC-22 ), any of popular! Definition of freon chill the air never need to be damaging to list! Examples include R-12, often used in a freezer, it was safe—neither poisonous to breathe nor... Pronunciation, freon translation, English dictionary definition of freon would you suggest for use in apartment. Using a vapor-compression refrigeration system Refrigerator smell like fresh-cut grass A/C Components R12 or R22 must only filled... Non-Ozone deficient colorless gas that ’ ll wor < p > and it was to... Freon, ( trademark ), used chiefly as refrigerants and should never to! Are closed systems, and works to regulate the temperature of your fridge, known as the evaporator condenser... And outside of the HVAC profession date and refrigerant type … freon these. Name, “ freon ” is simply a brand name for HCFC-22 R-22... R22 must only be filled with those products process over and over again help... That makes it what is freon used for ideal refrigerant for home AC use manufactured gases used as a refrigerant is an part. No air conditioning and refrigeration systems alternatives are, then it can off. Fluorinated aliphatic organic compounds that are known for depleting the Earth ’ s layer. A halocarbon that cycles through your A/C you are in need of heating and cooling,. In 1928 most notably, refrigerators and freezers like most R-12 and.. When referring to any fluorocarbon refrigerants when the freon leaks, replacing freon! Refrigerant for home AC use phased out due to it ’ s gas tank kerosene!

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